Iguazu Falls, (Portuguese: Cataratas do Iguaçu; Spanish: Cataratas del Iguazú) are waterfalls of the Iguazu River at the border of the Brazilian and the Argentinian.
The name “Iguazu” literaty translates from the Guarani or Tupi tribes meaning “big water”, and yes, as you can see from the photograph’s below, the water.
Iguazu Falls was announced as one of the seven winners of the New Seven Wonders of Nature by the New Seven Wonders of the World Foundation in late 2011. After visiting the falls, this is not a surprise. The falls are amazing on there own, but with comes the surrounding eco system.
Depending on the time of year and the waterlevel, there is usually between 150 and 300 individual waterfalls, varying between 60 to 82 metres in height. About half of the river’s flow falls into a long and narrow chasm called the Devil’s Throat (Garganta del Diablo in Spanish or Garganta do Diabo in Portuguese). The Devil’s Throat is the highest of the waterfalls and at 82 metres high, 150 m wide, and 700 m long.
The falls can be reached from the two main towns on either side of the falls: Puerto Iguazú in Argentina and Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil, as well as from Ciudad del Este, Paraguay. The falls are shared by the Iguazú National Park (Argentina) and Iguaçu National Park (Brazil), and trust me the wildlife here is phenominal. Both national parks are designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
On the Brazilian side, there is a walkway along the canyon with an extension to the lower base of the Devil’s Throat. The Argentine access, across the forest, is by a rainforest train. The train takes visitors to the entrance of Devil’s Throat, as well as the upper and lower trails around the falls, both of which are well worth a visit.